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Albums Of The Week: Various Artists | Saturno 2000 – La Rebajada de Los Sonideros 1962​-​1983

Slow down & savour every low-twanging tone in this slate of turned-down Latin treats.

THE EDITED PRESS RELEASE:It all started in 2010, when Eamon Ore-Giron — aka DJ Lengua —  was asked if he would be interested in compiling a Latin project for Analog Africa, and if so, if he had a theme in mind. He replied, “Have you ever heard of Rebajada? Rebajada in Spanish means ‘reduced, lowered.’ It’s basically Mexican sonideros (sound-system operators) slowing down the beat of a Cumbia to create a much more tangible music to dance to.”

Slowed-down music allows you enough time to hear right through it, revealing itself in ways you have rarely experienced before. Everything became more transparent and you will notice sounds normally only perceptible by bats. It’s a near-psychedelic experience. Lengua’s initial Rebajada mix included a few Ecuadorian songs by Junior y su Equipo — aka Polibio Mayorga (a cult figure in the sonidero scene) — a couple of Mexican tunes, one Colombian, and various Peruvian songs, undoubtedly the driving force behind this project.

The sonidero who brought Peruvian and Ecuadorian music to Mexico was the legendary Pablo Perea from Sonido Arco-Iris, and although his fingerprints are all over the compilation Saturno 2000, this selection of songs is exclusive to DJ Lengua. With the exception of a few classics from Polibio Mayorga and La Sampuesana — the queen of all rebajadas — most of these songs were probably never performed as such before, let alone released.

So how did Rebajada come to be? In a nutshell, it started with two families of brothers — the Pereas and the Ortegas — who travelled all over Latin America and returned to Mexico with heavy loads of records which they would sell to the various sonideros always on the lookout for new tunes. Colombian beats especially seemed to fit almost perfectly with the Mexican dance steps — but they were just a bit too fast. As a result some, sonideros began experimenting with equipment, and Marco Antonio Cedillo of Sonido Imperial created a revolutionary pitching system that could slow records down to an extent other players could only dream about. And so rebajada was born … or so we thought.

At the same time in north of the country, in Monterrey, sonidero Gabriel Dueñez almost got electrocuted by a short circuit that nearly set his record player on fire. As a result, the platter started spinning in slow motion for the rest of the party, turning Cumbia into a different affair altogether. The youngsters went crazy for it and started harassing the sonidero with requests to record cassettes for them. Reluctant at first, Dueñez finally began recording a series of pirated cassettes called Rebajada, which included mainly Colombian cumbia and porro in slow-mo exclusively. Those tapes took the city by storm and turned rebajada into a celebrated and defiant movement of the youth.

Of course it would not be a Mexican urban legend if it didn’t include dramaturgical elements, and so for nearly 30 years, until this day and probably for ever, both cities have been arguing and claiming ownership the creation of rebajada for themselves. But sonidera Joyce Musicolor, who never has time for such trivial arguments, got straight to the point: “Rebajada, and the equipment to perform it, is from here [Mexico City] but it was Monterrey that popularised it.”